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Name, 'Azad'; father’s name 'Swatantrata'. All you need to know about Chandra Shekhar Azad

Azad was prolific in his political career, strongly believed that revolution was the need of the hour to liberate Mother India from the British

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Image Credit: Amitbugg/Wikimedia Commons/ CC-BY-SA-3.0

Chandra Shekhar Azad was one of the most vibrant and influential Indic revolutionaries India has ever seen. Born on July 23, 1906, he was the leader who gave a new dimension to India’s revolutionary movement, commanding it systematically through Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

Born in Bhavra village of Madhya Pradesh as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, he was inspired by the activities of Mohandas Gandhi at his teens, joining the non-cooperation movement and got arrested. At the age of 15 Azad stunned the British when his case came before the magistrate in 1921.

The magistrate asked his name; Chandra Shekhar gave it as Azad, which means ‘the free’. And his father’s name Swatantrata, which implies ‘independence’. Then what about his residence, the brave boy gave it as ‘jail’. That’s the story behind the transformation of Chandra Shekhar Tiwari as Chandra Shekhar Azad.

Azad was prolific in his political career, strongly believed that the need of the hour was to fight the British with arms in his hands. Realising that the way he handled the revolutionary activities would impact how future young patriots approached the independent struggle, he handed down a legacy of sacrificing life at the altar of motherland.

He was also an inspiration for legendary Indic patriot Bhagat Singh

Azad’s encounter with Ram Prasad Bismil, a solid Arya Samajist and revolutionary who co-founded the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was the turning point. Bismil was heavily impressed with Azad and his fearless commitment to the great national purpose.

Azad had been actively involved in the activities of HRA; he led the young patriots in an unparalleled manner and became a national hero. He was also an inspiration for legendary Indic patriot Bhagat Singh.

Azad’s role was evident in the famous Kakori Train Robbery of 1925. He also took part in the attack against the Viceroy of India’s train in 1926. To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, one of the mainstream leaders of India’s independent movement, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and Azad planned the shooting of J P Saunders in Lahore in 1928.  Saunders was a British police official who’s responsible for the brutal attack against Lala Lajpat Rai.

The sacrifice

It was on 27 February 1931 the British police got information from an unknown source that Azad was stationed at Alfred Park in Allahabad. Surrounding the park, the police went on for him, but bravely Azad defended, killing three policemen Azad shot himself dead with his last bullet in his pistol.

As a tribute to the great patriot, Alfred was renamed as Chandra Shekhar Azad Park. He is remembered with Chandra Shekhar Azad Memorial at the park.

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Tributes to the iron man of India on 'Rashtriya Ekta Diwas'

This man united 562 princely states to build modern India, and we call him our ‘sardar’

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Image: Wikimedia Commons

India is celebrating the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhai Patel, the leader who united modern India with his outstanding political acumen and unbounded love for his motherland. Patel united 562 princely states of diverse characters to build the Republic of India.

As a tribute to the great leader, India has built a Statue of Unity with 182 metre height, the tallest in the world, at Sardar Sarovar Dam of Kevadiya village in Gujarat.

Here are five inspiring quotes of Sardar Patel to commemorate his birth anniversary, which is widely celebrated as Ekta Diwas across India.

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For Sister Nivedita, Indic intellect is second to none

Are the countrymen of Bhaskaracharya, Shankaracharya, and Vivekananda inferior to the countrymen of Newton and Darwin?

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Image: Wikimedia Commons/Illustration: The Indic Post

On October 28, 1867, Margaret Elizabeth Noble was born to Mayr Isabel and Samuel Richmond Noble in County Tyrone of Ireland. But, the second-largest island of the British Isles was definitely not the ‘Karmabhoomi’ of Margaret. She had something different to achieve in the abode of saints, obviously, in the latter avatar of Sister Nivedita.

This October 28 marks the 150th birth anniversary of Sister Nivedita, one of the most celebrated disciples of India’s hurricane saint Swami Vivekananda.

The almost 43 years Sister Nivedita lived were full of electrifying actions and interminable activities. She was an unending source of inspiration to hundreds of nationalists in their fight against British imperialism, and an incredible rishika to scores of Indians who had a strong desire to explore the soul of Bharat.

It was from her father, a college professor, she got the basic ideology of life that made her to realise service to humanity is the greatest form of worship. The meeting with Swami Vivekananda in 1895 in London had turned out to be the keystone of her life.

Nivedita loved teaching with a passion and spirituality with a mission. The teacher came to Kolkata (then Calcutta) in 1898 via Mombasa ship, and opened a school in the Bagbazar area of the city. Inspired by the ideals of Sanatana Dharma, she took care of patients in an incomparable way during the plague epidemic in 1899.

After giving all her to Mother India, she died on 13 October, 1911 in Darjeeling

Eventually, Swami Vivekananda made her to dedicate her complete life to India as she expressed her undiluted commitment toward the cause of Hindutva.

The striking thing was that like her guru, Nivedita’s spirituality had also intertwined with Indian nationalism, helping the revolutionaries shape their thoughts on freedom, Sanatana Dharma, and Indic renaissance.

She always wanted to tell the world that Indic intellect is second to none and the countrymen of Bhaskaracharya and Shankaracharya are not all inferior to the countrymen of Newton and Darwin. She wanted Indians to enjoy the intellectual supremacy of the world.

Nivedita was an inspirational figure to the young revolutionaries of Bengal, providing all her intellectual, financial and logistical support to them including those from the famous Anushilan Samiti. She also exerted great influence on Aurobindo Ghosh and eminent nationalist poet Subrahmanya Bharati in their struggle against the British.

It has to be noted that in her school in Calcutta, she introduced singing of the song Vande Mataram as prayer, despite of the diktats issued by the British.

There was a blessed relationship between Sister Nivedita and Sarada Devi, the spiritual counterpart of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa.

By the end of her life, Sister Nivedita had risen from spiritual teacher to a legendary Indic icon of wonder, stirring the youth to spread the message of Sanatana Dharma with unrestricted vigour. After giving all her to Mother India, she died on 13 October, 1911 in Darjeeling.

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Top 5 quotes by revolutionary patriot Bhagat Singh that define his very ideology

Here’s what Bhagat Singh thought about revolution

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As we celebrate the 111th birth anniversary of Bhagat Singh, one of the great Indian revolutionaries India has ever seen, The Indic Post brings you five striking quotes that define the very ideology of India’s great son.

Born on September 28, 1907, Bhagat Singh gave an entirely new dimension to India’s freedom struggle, inspiring hundreds of youth to fight against the British with an undiluted spirit of patriotism.

Eventhough some historians didn’t take Bhagat’s unparalleled contributions into account when writing the history of India’s national movement, he is still a true hero to the masses, providing unending source of energy to the youth in the process of nation building.





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