Baisakhi is a religious and cultural festival in India, mostly celebrated by the Punjabi people. But the Baisakhi day (April 13) of 1919 was not happened to be a day of celebrations for Indians as it turned out to be the historical date for one of the most inhuman massacres in India.
Michael O’Dwyer was the British Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab at the time of Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and he approved Reginald Dyer’s actions
The Westerners call it Amritsar massacre, and for Indians, it is Jallianwala Bagh massacre. One of the most important episodes in Indian history which acted as a catalyst for India’s struggle for freedom, inspiring young revolutionaries including Bhagat Singh to take on the British by sacrificing their lives at the altar of motherland.
The ideology of hatred has little space in a progressive society. But, the so-called advocates of development, the colonial Britishers, had no idea about the meaning of humanity in its real sense. Here is a fact-sheet about the Jallianwala Bagh massacre:
>> The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13 April 1919 in Amritsar, Punjab
>> The park was occupied by Baishakhi pilgrims and civilians to celebrate Baishakhi and to protest the arrest and deportation of two national leaders, Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew
>> Colonel Reginald Dyer was the villain of the story. He was the inhuman officer who fired rifles into the civilian crowd. Col Dyer was the acting military commander for Amritsar
>> According to the British Government, 79 dead and 1,200 wounded in the tragedy. But unofficial sources claimed that over 1,000 innocent people were killed in the cold-blooded massacre
Michael O’Dwyer was the mastermind behind the massacre. He was the British Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab at the time of Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and he approved Reginald Dyer’s brutal actions.
Udham Singh, one of the popular revolutionaries in the post Jallianwala Bagh era who himself wounded in the massacre, killed Michael O’Dwyer on 13 March 1940, at Caxton Hall in London.
After that, Singh became the hero for revolutionaries who avenged the British for the innocent lives who sacrificed for Mother India at Jallianwala Bagh.
The Indic Post view
We think that Britain must apologise for Jallianwala Bagh massacre as London Mayor Sadiq Khan said it openly last year.
Tributes to the iron man of India on 'Rashtriya Ekta Diwas'
This man united 562 princely states to build modern India, and we call him our ‘sardar’
India is celebrating the 143rd birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhai Patel, the leader who united modern India with his outstanding political acumen and unbounded love for his motherland. Patel united 562 princely states of diverse characters to build the Republic of India.
As a tribute to the great leader, India has built a Statue of Unity with 182 metre height, the tallest in the world, at Sardar Sarovar Dam of Kevadiya village in Gujarat.
Here are five inspiring quotes of Sardar Patel to commemorate his birth anniversary, which is widely celebrated as Ekta Diwas across India.
For Sister Nivedita, Indic intellect is second to none
Are the countrymen of Bhaskaracharya, Shankaracharya, and Vivekananda inferior to the countrymen of Newton and Darwin?
On October 28, 1867, Margaret Elizabeth Noble was born to Mayr Isabel and Samuel Richmond Noble in County Tyrone of Ireland. But, the second-largest island of the British Isles was definitely not the ‘Karmabhoomi’ of Margaret. She had something different to achieve in the abode of saints, obviously, in the latter avatar of Sister Nivedita.
This October 28 marks the 150th birth anniversary of Sister Nivedita, one of the most celebrated disciples of India’s hurricane saint Swami Vivekananda.
The almost 43 years Sister Nivedita lived were full of electrifying actions and interminable activities. She was an unending source of inspiration to hundreds of nationalists in their fight against British imperialism, and an incredible rishika to scores of Indians who had a strong desire to explore the soul of Bharat.
It was from her father, a college professor, she got the basic ideology of life that made her to realise service to humanity is the greatest form of worship. The meeting with Swami Vivekananda in 1895 in London had turned out to be the keystone of her life.
Nivedita loved teaching with a passion and spirituality with a mission. The teacher came to Kolkata (then Calcutta) in 1898 via Mombasa ship, and opened a school in the Bagbazar area of the city. Inspired by the ideals of Sanatana Dharma, she took care of patients in an incomparable way during the plague epidemic in 1899.
After giving all her to Mother India, she died on 13 October, 1911 in Darjeeling
Eventually, Swami Vivekananda made her to dedicate her complete life to India as she expressed her undiluted commitment toward the cause of Hindutva.
The striking thing was that like her guru, Nivedita’s spirituality had also intertwined with Indian nationalism, helping the revolutionaries shape their thoughts on freedom, Sanatana Dharma, and Indic renaissance.
She always wanted to tell the world that Indic intellect is second to none and the countrymen of Bhaskaracharya and Shankaracharya are not all inferior to the countrymen of Newton and Darwin. She wanted Indians to enjoy the intellectual supremacy of the world.
Nivedita was an inspirational figure to the young revolutionaries of Bengal, providing all her intellectual, financial and logistical support to them including those from the famous Anushilan Samiti. She also exerted great influence on Aurobindo Ghosh and eminent nationalist poet Subrahmanya Bharati in their struggle against the British.
It has to be noted that in her school in Calcutta, she introduced singing of the song Vande Mataram as prayer, despite of the diktats issued by the British.
There was a blessed relationship between Sister Nivedita and Sarada Devi, the spiritual counterpart of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa.
By the end of her life, Sister Nivedita had risen from spiritual teacher to a legendary Indic icon of wonder, stirring the youth to spread the message of Sanatana Dharma with unrestricted vigour. After giving all her to Mother India, she died on 13 October, 1911 in Darjeeling.
Top 5 quotes by revolutionary patriot Bhagat Singh that define his very ideology
Here’s what Bhagat Singh thought about revolution
As we celebrate the 111th birth anniversary of Bhagat Singh, one of the great Indian revolutionaries India has ever seen, The Indic Post brings you five striking quotes that define the very ideology of India’s great son.
Born on September 28, 1907, Bhagat Singh gave an entirely new dimension to India’s freedom struggle, inspiring hundreds of youth to fight against the British with an undiluted spirit of patriotism.
Eventhough some historians didn’t take Bhagat’s unparalleled contributions into account when writing the history of India’s national movement, he is still a true hero to the masses, providing unending source of energy to the youth in the process of nation building.
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