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6 things to know about Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, the man who founded RSS

Dr Hedgewar brought a new dimension to the process of nation building

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Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar

Born on April 1, 1889, Nagpur

Founder of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh

It was on April 1, 1889 that Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar was born in Nagpur of Maharashtra. Popularly known as Doctorji, Dr Hedgewar is the founder of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, India’s most powerful social organization which has influential stake in the power mechanism of more than 23 states in India.  Even though he was born on April 1, according to the English calendar, his followers celebrate his birth anniversary according to the Indian calendar.

Born to Baliram Pant Hedgewar and Revati, Hedgewar had a phenomenal life which culminated with the establishment of India’s largest nationalistic organization known as the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh). While he was studying in the high school, Hedgewar was known for his nationalistic credentials and dared to spread the message of freedom despite the challenges posed by the British Indian-loyalists.

With an aim to take the nation to the pinnacle of national glory, Dr Hedgewar founded Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh on the Vijayadashami day of 1925

He had to walk out from Neel City High School in Nagpur for singing “Vande Mataram” as he violated a circular issued by the British government.

Here’re six things you should know about the exceptional activist who happened to be the visionary behind modern Hindutva movement in the country.

Post matriculation, Hedgewar had gone to West Bengal to pursue medical studies. That’s how Hedgewar became Dr Hedgewar.

Dr Hedgewar was actively associated with the activities of Indian National Congress. But he was terribly disappointed with many of their policies in nation building

Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak , Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, and B S Moonje had profound influence in Dr Hedgewar’s thoughts

Dr Hedgewar thought that only internal transformation in a man leads to ultimate freedom, and he presented an alternative way of nation building with the ideals of India’s cultural heritage

With an aim to take the nation to the pinnacle of national glory, Dr Hedgewar founded Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh on the Vijayadashami day of 1925

Dr Hedgewar died on June 21, 1940 in Nagpur

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20 facts about Bhagat Singh that every Indian should know

The ideals of Arya Samaj heavily influenced Bhagat Singh in his childhood days as his grandfather Arjun Singh was a staunch follower of Swami Dayananda Saraswati

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Illustration/Jijin M K/The Indic Post/Media Ink

This March 23 marks 88th martyrdom of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru, three revolutionary patriots who had inspired thousands of youth to take on the British rule in India.

Bhagat Singh, indeed, an immortal revolutionary India has ever seen, had become a symbol of Indian youth in the pre-independence period, deviating the path of Mohandas Gandhi’s non-violence Bhagat had a strong conviction that only through revolution India can attain freedom.

Born on September 28, 1907, Bhagat Singh gave an entirely new dimension to India’s freedom struggle, stirring thousands of youth to fight against the British with an undiluted spirit of patriotism.

The biased historians didn’t take Bhagat’s unmatched contributions into consideration when writing the history of India’s independence movement. But, Bhagat has been a true hero to the masses and a household name among Indians.

Here’re 20 things one needs to know about the life of Bhagat Singh

Born in September 1907 to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati at Banga village of Jaranwala Tehsil in Lyallpur district, Punjab

Bhagat Singh’s father Kishan Singh was politically active, and closely associated with Ghadar Party

Ghadar Party was a revolutionary organisation spearheaded by leaders like Bhai Parmanand, Har Dayal, and Kartar Singh Sarabha

Illustration/Jijin MK/The Indic Post/Media Ink

During childhood days, Bhagat was heavily influenced by the ideals of Arya Samaj as his grandfather Arjun Singh was a staunch follower of Swami Dayananda Saraswati

As Bhagat’s family had strong leanings to the nationalist movement, they sent him to Dayanand Anglo-Vedic High School, an institution under Arya Samaj

At the age of 12, in 1919, Bhagat Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and decided to dedicate his life for Mother India

Bhagat was critical of Mohandas Gandhi’s idea of non-violence as a tool against the British.

Inspired by the idea of revolution, he founded a socialist organisation called Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926

Bhagat Singh joined the Hindustan Republican Association and got in touch with revolutionaries include Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqallah Khan, and that was the real turning point

In 1928, Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was renamed as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), marking a new phase in the revolutionary activities against the British

The Simon Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928 to report on the political scenario in India. A commission to report on India without an Indian member made the nationalists dissatisfied and Indian leaders protested under the grat Lala Lajpat Rai.

The British addressed the protest with iron hands and it led to death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

HSRA decided to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, and Bhagat along with Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar, and Chandrashekhar Azad made a plan to kill James A Scott, the police officer who ordered the lathi charge against the nationalists

Instead of Scott, Bhagat and team shot John P Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police in Lahore on 17 December 1928

It was on 8 April 1929, Bhagat with Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs into the Central Legislative Assembly. The aim was not to kill anyone, but just to to protest against the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Act, and also to get publicise their cause of movement

Bhagat was given a life sentence. But with the unearthing of HSRA bomb factories in Lahore and Saharanpur by the police in 1929, and the arrest of Sukhdev, Kishori Lal, and Jai Gopal made the British to correlate Assembly Bombing and Saunders murder

The court sentenced Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev to death in the Lahore case.

The order was them to be hanged on 24 March 1931

But the British did it before 11 hours. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev sacrificed their lives at the altar of the Motherland on 23 March 1931

Shivram Rajguru was only 22 when he was hanged. Bhagat and Sukhdev were 23.

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Name, ‘Azad’; father’s name ‘Swatantrata’. All you need to know about the fearless patriot

At the age of 24, Chandra Shekhar Azad Chandra Shekhar Azad made the ultimate sacrifice for Mother India. Tributes to him on his death anniversary

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Image Credit: Amitbugg/Wikimedia Commons/ CC-BY-SA-3.0

Chandra Shekhar Azad was one of the most vibrant and influential Indic revolutionaries India has ever seen. Born on July 23, 1906, he was the leader who gave a new dimension to India’s revolutionary movement, commanding it systematically through Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

Born in Bhavra village of Madhya Pradesh as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, he was inspired by the activities of Mohandas Gandhi at his teens, joining the non-cooperation movement and got arrested. At the age of 15 Azad stunned the British when his case came before the magistrate in 1921.

The magistrate asked his name; Chandra Shekhar gave it as Azad, which means ‘the free’. And his father’s name Swatantrata, which implies ‘independence’

The magistrate asked his name; Chandra Shekhar gave it as Azad, which means ‘the free’. And his father’s name Swatantrata, which implies ‘independence’. Then what about his residence, the brave boy gave it as ‘jail’. That’s the story behind the transformation of Chandra Shekhar Tiwari as Chandra Shekhar Azad.

Azad was prolific in his political career, strongly believed that the need of the hour was to fight the British with arms in his hands. Realising that the way he handled the revolutionary activities would impact how future young patriots approached the independent struggle, he handed down a legacy of sacrificing life at the altar of motherland.

He was an inspiration for legendary Indic patriot Bhagat Singh

Azad’s encounter with Ram Prasad Bismil, a solid Arya Samajist and revolutionary who co-founded the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was the turning point. Bismil was heavily impressed with Azad and his fearless commitment to the great national purpose.

Azad had been actively involved in the activities of HRA; he led the young patriots in an unparalleled manner and became a national hero. He was also an inspiration for legendary Indic patriot Bhagat Singh.

As a tribute to the revolutionary, Alfred was renamed as Chandra Shekhar Azad Park.

Azad’s role was evident in the famous Kakori Train Robbery of 1925. He also took part in the attack against the Viceroy of India’s train in 1926. To avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, one of the mainstream leaders of India’s independent movement, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and Azad planned the shooting of J P Saunders in Lahore in 1928.  Saunders was a British police official who’s responsible for the brutal attack against Lala Lajpat Rai.

The sacrifice

It was on 27 February 1931 the British police got information from an unknown source that Azad was stationed at Alfred Park in Allahabad. Surrounding the park, the police went on for him, but bravely Azad defended, killing three policemen Azad shot himself dead with his last bullet in his pistol.

As a tribute to the great patriot, Alfred was renamed as Chandra Shekhar Azad Park. He is remembered with Chandra Shekhar Azad Memorial at the park.

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Tribute to the soldiers; here goes India’s first National War Memorial

The National War Memorial is a great tribute to Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives at the altar of the motherland

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India’s long wait for a National War Memorial is over now. Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the National War Memorial on Monday, February 25, 2019, in the vicinity of India Gate and Amar Jawan Jyoti in New Delhi.

Reflecting the courage and dedication of India’s brave soldiers who laid down their lives at the altar of motherland, the National War Memorial is conceived as a world class monument.

Earlier PM Modi said that it was a surprise for him India not having a National War Memorial even after seven decades of independence. He also said that this memorial was a small stride towards repaying a great debt.

It was in 2014 the Prime Minister shared his vision on National War Memorial

The Memorial is a great tribute to Indian soldiers who gave up their lives defending the nation post-independence, and to those who made ultimate sacrifice in Peace Keeping Missions and counter-insurgency operations.

It was in 2014 the Prime Minister shared his vision on National War Memorial.

Four circles

The National War Memorial has four concentric circles. The first one is ‘Amar Chakra’ which means the circle of immortality, and the second one is the ‘Veerta Chakra’, we can call it as the circle of bravery. The third one is ‘Tyag Chakra’ or what we call the circle of sacrifice, and the final one is ‘Rakshak Chakra’ which means the circle of protection.

 

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